How to buy a safe car In a crash, some cars are many times safer than others at protecting their occupants. When you are buying a car, check out its safety features.

Check safety ratings and crash results
The safest cars on the road offer five times more protection in crashes than those cars that only meet the minimum safety standards. Check how safe your car is (new or used).

Front and side airbags
Front airbags can significantly reduce life threatening head injuries, when used in conjunction with seat belts. Side airbags can also reduce serious injuries in a side impact crash.

Size and weight of car
The size and weight of a car is an important factor in a crash. Smaller cars are less able to protect their occupants in a crash. So, if buying a smaller car, if possible ensure that it is fitted with safety features such as driver, passenger and head protecting side airbags.

Anti-lock braking
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) may not always reduce the distance it takes to stop but it will reduce the risk of losing control in emergency braking. It does this by preventing wheel lockup and skidding, allowing you to steer the car around an obstacle.

Daytime running lights
Daytime running lights automatically activate whenever a vehicle’s ignition is switched on. The latest research shows they can reduce the chances of a daytime crash with both other vehicles and pedestrians.

There are a number of types of daytime running lights including:
  • Small white lights fitted to the front of a vehicle that are separate to the headlights
  • Low beam headlights that are used in daytime.


Electronic Stability Programs (ESP)
Electronic stability programs ESP helps you remain in control of your car to prevent skids, spins and rollovers.
ESP sensors monitors everything from the position of the steering wheel , the speed of the tyres and the forces put on your car. If the sensors detect that you are losing control, microprocessors selectively apply brakes to individual wheels and reduce engine power to keep the car safely on track.
ESP incorporates the anti-lock braking system ( ABS ) and traction and dynamic stability control to stabilise the car.


Over-speed warning devices
Over-speed warning devices reduce the need to concentrate on staying within the speed limit. An over-speed warning device is useful in urban and rural situations. Remember inappropriate speed is a factor in about 20% of fatal crashes.

Lap sash seat belts
Make sure there is a lap sash seat belt for the centre rear seat position and seat belt warning devices. Seat belts have been proven as the single most effective means of protecting vehicle occupants in a crash. Lap sash seat belts are by far the most effective – so check that a lap sash is provided in the middle of the back seat. Seat belt warning devices will also ensure that you do not forget to do up your seat belt before moving off.

Cargo barrier
Make sure there is a cargo barrier if it is a station wagon – in a crash, even light objects can become deadly missiles if they are not properly restrained.

Air conditioning and an automatic transmission
Air conditioning can improve comfort and reduce fatigue particularly for long trips in hot weather. An automatic transmission can reduce fatigue by freeing you from constant gear changing in urban or hilly conditions and allow you to give more attention to other driving tasks including observing the traffic around you.

How to choose the right used car
New or used • Reliability ratings • Safety rating • Fuel economy rating • Manual or Automatic • Buying a car 'as is'

Used car or new

By purchasing a used car you can save a lot of money. You could buy a loaded model with all the bells and whistles that you might not be able to afford had you bought a new car. A new car depreciates quickly in the first few years and after 3 years it is worth only about 60-70% of the original price. In fact, as soon as you leave the dealership, your vehicle is suddenly worth less. When purchasing a new car you basically are paying for its fresh "new" aroma and warranty. However, buying a new car does not always mean the buyer will get perfection. A new car may come with problems associated with poor design or manufacturing defects that may have been already repaired during the warranty coverage period if it's a used car. The same is true for all kinds of recalls and campaigns.

Buying a used car is still a bit of a gamble - there is no guarantee that the car is accident-free, has real mileage, and was properly maintained. There may be some hidden problems like a worn out automatic transmission, or engine problems that may not have been obvious when you test-drove the car.


Safety

There is no perfectly safe car, but certain models can protect you better in case of a crash.
Some vehicles offer features that may help you to avoid an accident in the first place. You can compare crash test ratings and find other car safety related information online at:

NHTSA - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration website where you can find automobile safety information, auto crash testing, statistics, recalls and more.

SaferCar.gov - crash-test and rollover ratings for specific models by NHTSA

IIHS - the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety website where you can compare frontal offset and side impact crash test results as well as Injury, Collision & Theft Losses and Fatality rates for different cars.


Reliability

Reliability is one of the most important factors to consider if you decided to go for a used car. Not all cars are the same. Some models are proven to be very reliable, others are known for constant problems. Since it is a used car, the original warranty coverage is probably over and you want the model that is more reliable. There is a number of resources where you can check reliability ratings of certain models:

MSN Autos - follow the link "Used cars" in the left navigation bar.

J.D. Power and Associates

ConsumerReports.org provides excellent data (paid subscription required)

However, be aware, even most reliable model car won't last long if not maintained properly.


Fuel economy

With unpredictable gas prices, choosing more fuel-efficient vehicle can help you to save money at the pump. Do you know that the difference in annual fuel costs between different cars could be as high as $1500 - $2000?
Plus, more fuel-efficient vehicles pollute less, which is good for the environment.
You can compare fuel economy of different cars following links below:


Cost of insurance

The cost of insurance varies a lot depending on the make, year and model of the car, driver's experience and many other factors. It's recommended to get insurance quotes before buying a car.


Make or model

I often being asked what make or model I'd recommend? I don't think there is a certain make or model that is just perfect for everyone. It really depends on what exactly you expecting from your next vehicle and how much money you want to spend. For example, talking about SUVs: if all you need is reliable, and not so expensive SUV, I'd recommend Nissan Pathfinder. You want your SUV to have luxury interior, smooth ride and you ready to pay more for it, try Volkswagen Touareg. Power and Performance is all you want, then try Porsche Cayenne, and so on.
However, considering general terms, such as reliability, fuel economy, quality and maintenance costs, I'd highlight such models as Toyota Corolla, Honda Civic, Honda Accord, Nissan Altima, Toyota Camry, Honda Odyssey, Honda CR-V, Nissan Pathfinder and Toyota 4Runner.
There is an excellent decision-making tool at MSN Autos. Follow the link "My Research" on the left bar where you can pick few different models and compare their ratings for reliability, fuel consumption, price, etc. (registration required).


Automatic or manual transmission?

Cars with manual transmission are cheaper. They are more powerful and more economical. A manual transmission is also more reliable than an automatic. Experienced drivers of manual transmissions will tell you they like how it allows the driver to feel "closer" to the car. It's just more fun! However, it is more work to drive such a car, and can be especially difficult for the beginner. But don't be scared. You can learn how to drive such a car in just a few days. It's not as difficult as it seems.
It is much easier to drive cars with automatic transmission. Automatic transmission is more convenient in a city, in traffic jams, etc. But it involves a more complicated device and breaks more often. The repair of an automatic transmission is complicated and tends to be quite expensive. Regarding fuel efficiency, a car with an automatic transmission consumes an average of 1.3 times more fuel than the same kind of car with a manual transmission. When you buy a used car, the automatic transmission is the one of the most important parts to check - How to check a transmission


Considering a car with Diesel engine

Cars with a diesel engine consume almost half as much fuel as the same car with a gasoline engine. However, there is a price to pay: Diesel engines are noisier and there always will be that not very pleasant smell from the exhaust. Some Diesel engine vehicles require only synthetic oil which means higher maintenance cost. There are only few passenger cars with Diesel engine available in North America: Volkswagen Golf, Jetta and Passat and Mercedes-Benz.


 Four-cylinder or six

Four-cylinder engine usually provides better fuel economy, but V6 and V8 engines generally have more power and little more durability. V6 (or V8) engine will be best choice if you want to tow a trailer.
The engines with four valves per cylinder (almost all Japanese cars) provide better efficiency.
The features like multiple valves per cylinder, variable timing, variable valve lift also significantly improve engine efficiency.
How to check the engine condition


Do I need the ABS?

The four-wheel ABS or Anti-lock Braking System is designed to help the driver maintain steering control during hard braking, especially in slippery conditions. How it works:
Imagine, you are driving a car without ABS on a slippery road (e.g. after a rain or snow). Suddenly, you notice something on the road right in front of you. You hit the brakes, and try to turn aside, but the steering doesn't work; the car just skids out of control. Why, because all the wheels are locked up while you're holding down the brake pedal. As a result, you lose the ability to steer the vehicle.

The four-wheel ABS can help in situations like this. It prevents the wheels from locking up, helping you maintain steering control during braking. In a similar situation, driving a car equipped with four-wheel ABS, it would be easier for you to steer your vehicle while braking.
If slippery road conditions are common in your area, the ABS may be helpful if you use it correctly. The disadvantage is that the ABS is quite complicated device and might be costly to repair.
Essential to know:
- The four-wheel ABS system can help to slightly reduce the braking distance in some situations. However, under certain conditions (e.g. on loose snow or gravel), the braking distance may be longer. The main purpose of four-wheel ABS is to help the driver maintain steering ability during hard braking.


Is it worth to buy a car 'as is'?


I wouldn't advice to buy such a car even if the price seems to be very cheap and here is why:
Usually used car like this needs a lot more repairs than it may seem at the first look.

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